Pengucapan saya di Geneva 14 Oktober 2008
Panel Discussion on the subject to be discussed by the 2nd Standing Committee during the 120th Assembly in April 2009:
Climate Change, Sustainable Development Models And Renewable Energies
SPEAKING NOTES – Hon Fuziah Salleh, Malaysia
CLIMATE CHANGE –A GLOBAL CHALLENGE
Recent Developments showed:
Little attention has been paid to the Principle of Sustainability. The progress towards achieving the objectives of sustainable development globally has been regrettably slow. We have yet to see the level of integration of environment in development as we had hoped for.
On the other hand, we have been reminded again and again that the environment has been deteriorating, in terms of biodiversity loss, water crisis, global warming, hazardous technologies, extinction of species and worsening desertification while unsustainable consumption continues unabated. Many of these threats could soon become serious enough to undermine the stability of nations, posing the ultimate security threats which was mentioned by our panellist earlier such as food crisis
One of our co-rapporteur reported that the Projected CO2 Emission of Industrialised Nations will rise by 25.3% in the period from 2010-2012 (International Energy Agency-IEA)
While Projected CO2 Emission by developing countries will double in the same period 2010-2012 (103.4%). At the same time, per capita consumption in most cases will remain below that of the Industrialised Nations (IEA)
Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions worldwide are growing by one million tonnes a day. Even with the climate protection system under the Kyoto Protocol, it will be scarcely possible to alter this trend.
1. Role of Developed and Industrialised Nations as Role Models
Even though my country Malaysia is not the greater contributor to emissions,
· Climate Protection Policy is still a Global Task.
·The success of Global climate protection measures by the developed and industrialised nations must be shared with the rest of the world
· The Behaviour of the developing and newly industrialised countries is equally important-It is important for rapidly rising energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions to be decoupled from economic growth
· Malaysia is of the opinion that the developed and industrialised countries must act as role models at the same time support developing countries such as Malaysia in their climate protection efforts.
· Thus, as Role Models, the industrialised countries ( whom we see as our big brothers in industrialisation) must first meet their commitments under the Kyoto Protocol, before the greenhouse gases reduction is imposed on the developing countries for the post 2012 period. It is also imperative for developed countries that have not signed the Kyoto Protocol, especially from among the developed nation to come on board soonest possible. There must be consolidated pressure on our big brother to do what is right for the future generation.
· Exploring the Carbon Emission Trading System currently in use – Malaysia supports that a study to on how it has benefitted developed nations and how the rest of the developing nations in the world can benefit from it by turning it into a worldwide practical, applicable system
2. Role of Parliamentarians, especially Women Parliamentarians
· There is still time to act and mitigate the worst effects of climate change. If we act quickly now, we may have positive effects on the development prospects of future generations.
· Parliamentarians in particular have a responsibility and can play a bigger role to advance a committed environmental policy.
· Attention must be focussed on stepping up efforts to bring about a post-Kyoto agreement for the period following it’s expiry in 2012. The targets of the follow-on agreement must be set higher. The Bali Road Map adopted at the UN Climate Change Conference in Bali Dec 2007, must be supported fully.
· I would like to bring the attention of my colleagues here on Sustainable Development Models from a gender Perspective. I am pleased to note that my colleague from Phillipines just now also brought in this gender perspective. Women, as mothers, give birth to children, we go through the process of bringing them up and thus are greatly concerned about the future world that we are going to hand down to our children,
· I urge that all Parliamentarian especially women Parliamentarian to play a stronger advocacy role towards adaptation and mitigation of climate protection policies. I appeal to Women Parliamentarian to be passionate in adopting this agenda since it will affect those whom we care about closely.
· With regards to sustainable development, We must look into a review of best practice GOVERNANCE MECHANISM of global sustainable development- and not just of environmental governance alone. In order for the review to be successful, it should include an assessment of the roles of various institutions such as UNEP, the CSD (Commission on Sustainable Development), GEF, the Bretton Woods Institutions, the MEAs as well as the various UN entities involved in sustainable development, with a view to strengthen them and to make them more effective
· I would also like to bring our attention to Agenda 21 (adopted in the Earth Summit 1992 in Rio de Janeiro) which outlines key policies for achieving sustainable development that meets the needs of the poor and at the same time recognizes that the limits of development must be used as a guiding principle in ensuring sustainable development worldwide. Agenda 21 has become the blueprint for sustainability and forms the basis for sustainable development strategies. It was an ambitious design for a safe and just world. It was later reviewed 10 years later in the Johannesburg Plan of Action. However the last session of the CSD (New York May 2007) failed to reach an agreement to come out with a common language of the four thematic topics discussed, namely, 1. energy for sustainable dev. 2. Air pollution, 3. climate change and 4. industrial development. The main disagreements centred on the time-bound proposal for renewable energy and climate change. It would be such a shame for us not to follow through this effort in sustainable development. We also heard from our panellists that the threats are not far away. It will just be tomorrow, before we destroy this earth.
· Thus I urge IPU to follow through this agenda and for policymakers, to work concertedly and focus towards ensuring policies that look into the mechanism on implementation of these guiding principles.
Fuziah Salleh, MALAYSIA, 14 Oct 2008